Crisis of Praxis: Depoliticization and Leftist Fragmentation in Brazil


Sabrina Fernandes

Sociology PhD (with Political Economy)
Department of Sociology and Anthropology
Carleton University
Ottawa, ON, Canada

Full Collaborating Researcher
Brasília, Brazil


Sabrina Fernandes

Doutora em Sociologia (e Economia Política)
Departamento de Sociologia e Antropologia
Carleton University
Ottawa, ON, Canadá

Pesquisadora Colaboradora Plena
Professora Substituta
Brasília, Brasil

2012. M.A. in Political Economy (distinction). Thesis title: The cursinho industry and the advancement of the neoliberal agenda for access to education in Brazil: a case study in the city of Goiânia. Institute of Political Economy, Carleton University, Ottawa, ON, Canada

2010. B.A. Honours (distinction) - Honours in Economics with a concentration in Political Economy; Spanish minor. Thesis title: The Political Economy of Conflict and Hydroelectricity in Brazil: A Case Study of the Madeira River Dams. St. Thomas University, Fredericton, NB, Canada

For a more frequently updated list, see my Academia.edu profile.


Research interests: Brazilian politics, Left politics, Marxist Humanism, critical pedagogy, social movements, access to education, gender studies

Publications (outdated)


2016. Fernandes, Sabrina.Critical pedagogy as Humanistic Marxist praxis: perspectives on solidarity, oppression, and revolution. Educação & Sociedade (forthcoming) 1-16.

2016. Fernandes, Sabrina. Neoliberalization of education in Brazil: the impact of cursinhos and the private sector on pedagogical practices and access to university. Canadian Journal of Latin American and Caribbean Studies 41, No. 2.

2015. Fornos Klein, Stefan and Sabrina Fernandes. Reflexões críticas acerca do Processo de Bolonha à luz das constribuições de Herbert Marcuse e Paulo Freire. Constelaciones: Revista de Teoría Crítica 6.

2014. Fernandes, Sabrina. The World Bank’s position on early child education in Brazil: a critical assessment of contributions and shortcomings. Journal of Education Policy 29, No. 3, pp. 263-279.

2012. Fernandes, Sabrina. Dilma Rousseff and the challenge of fighting patriarchy through political representation in Brazil. Journal of International Women’s Studies 13, No. 3. 


2013. Fernandes, Sabrina. Book Review: Broke But Unbroken: Grassroots Social Movements and their solutions to poverty. Alternate Routes: A Journal of Critical Social Research 24.

2011. Fernandes, Sabrina, Richard Girard, and Tony Clarke. “Uncle Slim: The world’s richest man.” In Outing the Oligarchy: Billionaires Who Benefit From Today’s Climate Crisis. San Francisco: International Forum on Globalization. http://ifg.org/pdf/IFG_plutonomy.pdf

2011. Fernandes, Sabrina and Richard Girard. “Land Deal Brief: The Role of False Climate Change Solutions”. In Understanding Land Investment Deals in Africa. Prepared by the Polaris Institute for the Oakland Institute. Oakland: Oakland Institute.


2011. Fernandes, Sabrina and Richard Girard. “Land Deal Brief: Land Grabs Leave Africa Thirsty”. In Understanding Land Investment Deals in Africa. Prepared by the Polaris Institute for the Oakland Institute. Oakland: Oakland Institute.


2011. Fernandes, Sabrina and Richard Girard. Corporations, Climate and the United Nations: How Big Business has Seized Control of Global Climate Negotiations. Ottawa: Polaris Institute. http://www.polarisinstitute.org/files/CorporationsClimateandtheUN.pdf


2015. Crise de práxis: uma contribuição gramsciana a respeito da fragmentação de esquerda. Seminário estudos de Gramsci, UFRJ, May 27-29th.

2014. #vemprarua – A Critical Look at the Role of Social Media in Mobilizing During the 2013 Brazilian Protests and the Problem of Representation.Canadian Association for Latin American and Caribbean Studies, Université Laval, Québec, QC, May 16th.

2014. A Crisis of Praxis: Exploring Alignments and Misalignments in the Relationship between Organized Political Movements and the Masses in Brazil. Historical Materialism Conference, York University, Toronto, ON, May 9th.

2014. Neoliberalization of education in Brazil: the impact of the “cursinho” industry on pedagogical practices and access to universities. Alternate Routes Annual Conference, Ryerson University, Toronto, ON, April 4th.

2014. “Não me representa:” a critical examination of the crisis of praxis in the conjunctural moment of the Brazilian protests of 2013. Society for Socialist Studies, 2014 Congress, Brock University, St. Catherines, ON, May 27th. An earlier version was presented at the 15th Annual Graduate Conference of the Institute of Political Economy, Carleton University, Ottawa, ON, February 28th.

2012. Intersectional inequalities of access to higher education in Brazil: the “cursinho” industry as a factor. 54th International Congress of Americanists, University of Vienna, Vienna, Austria, July 16th.

2012. Neoliberalism in Brazil and the attack on equal access to universities: theories on education and hegemony. Postgraduates in Latin American Studies Annual Conference, University of Oxford, Oxford, England, June 26th.

2011. (Im)possibilities for fighting patriarchy through political representation: the case of the first woman president of Brazil. Society of Latin American Studies 47th Annual Conference, University of St Andrews, St Andrews, Fife, Scotland, April 8.

2010. The Political Economy of Hydroelectricity in the Brazilian Amazon: A Case Study of the Madeira River Dams. Annual Research and Ideas Fair, St. Thomas University, Fredericton, New Brunswick, March 13.


Fall 2016. Research Assistant (Project on Brazilian social movements. Researcher: Dr. Charmain Levy)

Université du Québec en Outaouais, Département des sciences sociales

2014-2016. Research Assistant (SSHRC-funded project on sex tourism in Natal, Brazil. Researcher: Dr. Marie-Eve Carrier-Moisan)

Carleton University, Department of Sociology and Anthropology

Summer 2011. Assistant Researcher

Polaris Institute, Ottawa, Canada

Winter 2009. Research Assistant (Project on Outsourcing)

University of New Brunswick, Department of Business Administration


2015. Introdução à formação do estado. Aula. March 15. Brasília.

2015. O Feminismo nas universidades. Panel member. March 11. UCB.

2015. Sobre o Feminismo. Panel member. February 26. PUC-GO.

2015. Direito à Cidade. Panel member. February 26. PUC-GO.

2014. Na Copa Vai Ter Luta: World Cup resistance and prospectives for the Brazilian Left. Guest talk. Carleton University, October 17. Hosted by LACS. (upcoming)

2014. Resistance and Repression at the 2014 World Cup. Preempting Dissent: Ottawa Premiere. Mayfair Theatre, September 08. Hosted by OPIRG-Carleton.


For a more frequently updated list, see my Academia.edu profile.

2016. Fernandes, Sabrina. The Right marches on Brazil. Jacobin Magazine. https://www.jacobinmag.com/2016/05/brazil-coup-impeachment-rousseff-temer-pt-corruption/

2015. Fernandes, Sabrina. The Cost of Saving Rousseff. Jacobin Magazine. https://www.jacobinmag.com/2015/12/dilma-rousseff-brazil-cunha-temer-calheiros-impeachment-petrobras-lava-jato/

2015. Fernandes, Sabrina. Sobre o direito à cidade e o socialismo. Blog CONVERGÊNCIAhttp://blogconvergencia.org/blogconvergencia/?p=3015

2014. Fernandes, Sabrina. Brazil's Rousseff re-elected despite anti-Workers' Party sentiment: what now? Upside Down Worldhttp://upsidedownworld.org/main/brazil-archives-63/5101-brazils-rousseff-re-elected-despite-anti-workers-party-sentiment-what-now

2014. Fernandes, Sabrina. Brazilian elections: what happens next? Upside Down Worldhttp://upsidedownworld.org/main/brazil-archives-63/5079-brazilian-elections-what-happens-next

2014. Fernandes, Sabrina. Post-Politics in Brazil. Jacobin Magazine. https://www.jacobinmag.com/2014/10/post-politics-in-brazil/

2014. Fernandes, Sabrina. Radical Left Praxis in an Election Year: Lessons for Brazil. New Socialist Webzine. http://newsocialist.org/762-radical-left-praxis-in-an-election-year-lessons-for-brazil

2014. Fernandes, Sabrina. Brazil on Strike: Class Struggle in the Wake of the World Cup. The Bullet No. 997, Socialist Project. http://www.socialistproject.ca/bullet/997.php

2014. Fernandes, Sabrina. Brazil and Coercion: one step further into the criminalization of the Radical Left. The Bullet No. 938, Socialist Project. http://www.socialistproject.ca/bullet/938.php

2012. Fernandes, Sabrina. “Entre erros e acertos, escolas particulares e cursinhos só têm a ganhar.” Op-ed for Diário da Manhã, January 18, p. 20.

Teaching (outdated)

Fall 2014. Teaching Assistant (ANTH 2670: Ethnography of Brazil) Carleton University, Department of Sociology and Anthropology

Winter 2013. Teaching Assistant (SOCI 3300: Sociology of Education) Carleton University, Department of Sociology and Anthropology

Fall 2012. Teaching Assistant (SOCI 1001: Intro to Sociology) Carleton University, Department of Sociology and Anthropology

2010 – 2012. Teaching Assistant (ECON 1000: Intro to Micro and Macroeconomics) Carleton University, Department of Economics

2009 – 2010. Tutor (Economics; Spanish) St. Thomas University, Student Services

Fall 2009. Teaching Assistant (ECON 2313: Multinational Corporations and Trade) St. Thomas University, Department of Economics

Fall 2009; Fall 2008. Teaching Assistant (ADM 3713: Intro to E-Commerce) University of New Brunswick, Department of Business Administration

2005-2006. Teacher (ESL) B.A. English School, Goiânia, Brazil



Department of Sociology and Anthropology
B750 Loeb Building,
1125 Colonel By Drive
Carleton University
Ottawa, ON, Canada K1S 5B6

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